I. Key themes
- Sustainability-Linked Bonds (SLBs) made another push in Q4 with sales reaching EUR 76bn equivalent for FY2021, an increase of almost 11 times when compared to 2020. The market regained momentum after a small inflection in Q3, with issuances hitting a record high in November (EUR 17.5bn), even as most other types of ESG-labelled debt reached a plateau towards the year end.
- Newmont Corporation issued the first SLB in the mining sector in December 2021 providing a clear sign of the openness of the market towards companies from “hard-to-abate” sectors (as also seen with Oil & Gas in Q3) and its continued evolution.
- Against this backdrop, SLBs now account for a significant share (24%) of the Sustainable Debt Capital Market (corporate non-financial) and the strong momentum is expected to carry on into 2022 when supply is forecast to reach EUR 170-180bn.
- In Q4 issuers mainly stuck to environmental Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) (greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, renewable energy and recycling/waste reduction above all) with an increasing number of companies resorting to the Science Based Target initiative (SBTi) to showcase the ambitiousness of their chosen target (60% at the end of Q4 vs 53% at the end of Q3). Many issuers also included Scope 3 KPIs, either as part of their aggregate GHG emission target or as a standalone (of all companies adding a Scope 3 KPI to their SLBs, 50% did so in Q4 2021), albeit market participants acknowledged that in certain instances companies may have little or no control at all over these types of emissions.
- Yet, more companies are now open to considering social metrics for their SLBs and a growing number of diversity and gender equality KPIs have been included in Q4 compared to Q3.
- Coupon step-ups (and the typical 25bps increase in case of failure to achieve the stated target) continue to be the most popular structure given its simplicity, yet companies have been experimenting with new structures over the course of the quarter. Redemption premia, once the second most popular structure, have now been surpassed by more articulated multi step-up structures where issuers assign a specific penalty to each KPI and/or with step-up triggers at different points in time. It remains to be seen if this trend is bound to continue as investors keep their preference for more linear structures that can be modelled more easily.
- The end of 2021 officially kicked off the Sustainability-Linked Bonds reporting cycle. Italian utility company Enel, who started the market back in 2019, is expected to publish its audited results in the course of 2022 and to have achieved the sustainability performance targets on its “first generation” SLBs.
II. Supply Dynamics*
Supply amount issued EUR bn equivalent
Split by Sector
Split by Geography
Split by Rating
III. Structural features*
Main KPI categories
Split by SBTi Commitment 
Sustainability Performance Target (SPT) driven adjustment to debt instrument
Step-up as a % of at-issue credit spread 
Target year as a % of overall tenor
Total cost in bps if target is not met
*Note: Analysis based on Sustainability-Linked Bonds issued in EUR, USD, GBP since 2019
Representative of deals with at least 1 Environmental KPIs
Coupon step-up adjustment (bps)/Issue spread to benchmark (mid-swap spread for EUR, Gilt spread for GBP and T spread for USD)